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A treaty described documented agreements between a colonial government and Indigenous peoples that are often viewed as a legal transferring of land; many Indigenous people saw the signing of treaties as a means of building relationships with settlers while maintaining sovereignty over their lands, whereas the Crown saw treaties as a way of legally acquiring Indigenous land to assert power and control. - The On Canada Project & Shanese Indoowaaboo, adapted by Michelle Xie [1]

Examples of Treaties

There are 11 numbered treaties signed between the Canadian Crown and First Nations. The Canadian government forced Indigenous Peoples onto reserves and did not honour treaty agreements.

Soon after treaties were signed, "a pass system was introduced, whereby residents of the reserves could only leave them with a permit issued by the local Indian agent responsible for imposing government policy on the reserves. This system would last for 60 years, only ending during World War II." -Brandi Morin [2]

Treaty 1 

Impacted the Chippewa, Swampy Cree and others. [3]

Treaty 3

Impacted the Saulteaux Tribe of the Ojibwe. [4]

Treaty 7

Impacted the the Blackfoot, Blood, Piegan, Sarcee and Stony Nations. [5]

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