Movement ecology is a way of seeing each component of a movement as entering into a relationship with the other groups and individuals that are part of it. It is an invitation to see different strategies than the ones we use as assets for our movement.
It is inevitable that movements will be made up of people and groups who...
- Have different views of where the problem lies
- Have different ideas for solutions
- Take different actions to bring about the change they want to see.
Faced with this observation, the ecology of movements proposes to be part of this whole in a way to value the different contributions to our struggles, particularly in what is related to the different tactics.
“We have to recognize the validity of different actions, identify niches and try to fill them...And collaborate as much as possible. Social change is not a competitive market - this approach is opposed to what is needed to initiate transformational level change. - Thinking, doing, changing
Indeed, social movements are made up of groups fulfilling a multitude of roles. Recognizing these roles, building bridges and finding ways to use each group's contribution to the benefit of a movement can be the key to success. The struggle against imperialism in India offers an interesting case study.
Some of the main approaches to activism/organizing include:
|the creation of alternatives|
Some of the main 'roles' groups can contribute to the movement, according to Bill Moyer   include:
- The helper/citizen: focuses on direct service. Doing what they can in their own circles to support a cause.
- The advocate/reformer: focuses on communication with people who hold the power to change a policy or practice.
- The organizer/change agent: focuses on collecting masses of people who may not know each other. They use the power of numbers to force change on people in power.
- The rebel: focuses on making a commotion to force people in power to make a change.
When we say movement mapping we are talking about painting a portrait of the different groups that militate alongside us as well as the role or roles they fulfill. We draw a portrait of our activist community in order to better situate ourselves in it and realize the links that unite us. It is a question here of our reality on the ground, ecology being a broader concept encompassing many activist communities.
We begin by drawing a portrait of our group and its resources. Then, we can include mapping of our movement: the groups, our relationships with them, their approach/role and their resources as appropriate. The following is an example of a 'social change ecosystem' developed by Deepa Iyer from Building Movement Project:
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